We are looking at how to install the macOS 11 Big Sur operating system step by step with a USB stick.
The public version of macOS Big Sur 11 was released on November 12, 2020. The new macOS offers the best Safari we’ve ever seen, a huge design change, and a very neat Control Center. So how can you install macOS 11 Big Sur? In this article, we look at both USB stick installation and upgrade options.
There are two ways to install the new macOS version Big Sur:
- Using the Update option from Apple’s main menu: This process replaces the macOS operating system on your startup disk with Big Sur.
- Deleting the current version of macOS and installing Big Sur from scratch with a clean install.
Option 2 is a bit more burdensome and takes more time. However, besides its difficulty, it has many benefits. In this article, we will explain how to install Big Sur on a Mac computer that supports Big Sur from scratch and without any problems, and we will talk about the benefits.
Why clean installation?
Every time a new macOS is released, we look forward to trying it out as users. While Apple promises many great improvements with the new version, it is difficult for users to not want this. For this reason, people want to try the new macOS version as soon as possible and the fastest way to upgrade macOS. Upgrade No wonder they chose the option. Upgrading to a new version is not only faster, it also allows you to migrate all your saved settings, apps and files to the new macOS version. So is an upgrade actually what your Mac wants, and is the best option for it?
If we look at the positive sides of a clean installation, it benefits your Mac in the following ways:
- You get rid of unnecessary clutter and old system errors,
- Your Mac will start up faster as if it were right out of the box.
- The software you have never used is removed,
- Mac slows down, freezes, etc. You get rid of common problems like
Generally, installing a new version of macOS (Big Sur in this article) on a drive that has the old version cleaned will give your Mac enough space and opportunity to breathe. You will be less likely to experience common Big Sur problems and you will get rid of unnecessary files and applications occupying your system. Just like bringing your new furniture to an empty apartment instead of a cluttered apartment.
Big Sur compatible Macs
Before starting preparations for the upgrade to Big Sur, be sure to check your Mac’s compatibility. With the release of macOS 11, Apple made a one or two year jump in the list of supported devices, so your Mac may be out of the list.
To check if macOS 11 Big Sur is compatible with the Mac computer you are using macOS Big Sur Compatible Mac Models You can browse our article.
If you are not sure which Mac model you have, Apple icon > About This MacYou can check it easily by clicking. General Information section, you will find the information you are looking for.
Clean install with USB
When you decide to do a clean installation with macOS Big Sur, you need to follow four steps carefully to start using Big Sur.
Step 1: Back up your data
With a clean install, any apps, files and settings on your startup drive will be deleted. Therefore, backup your important files. You can take notes or back them up with a 3rd party app so you don’t forget the apps and settings you use.
Once you’ve backed up all your data and made sure that no important data is left on the startup disk, continue with the next steps.
Step 2: Download the Big Sur installer
With the release of Big Sur on November 12, Big Sur’s installer Apple menu > About This Mac> Software update’You can access from. Alternatively, you can download the installer from the Mac App Store for free and effortlessly.
But be careful, we shouldn’t rush things here. Your goal is to save the installer in your Applications folder and go through the setup process. not. Therefore, if the installer starts automatically Don’t click Continue. “Quit installClick ”to close the window. Later, when you clean up macOS, you will use the installer.
Preparing Big Sur USB under Windows
It’s also okay if you have a Mac that doesn’t boot completely and you need to prepare the USB stick with a Windows PC. Just download the Big Sur DMG file for this. To write this file to the USB stick:
- Install at least 16GB of memory into your computer.
- Download and install Transmac and run it as an administrator.
- Right click on the USB stick and Restore with Disk Image Select the option.
- You will receive a warning as the partitions on the disk will be deleted. Yes Confirm the action by saying.
- In the next step, select the DMG file you downloaded from the Select File section.
- In the next step, you will see a warning that the compressed DMG file will be opened. When you give the final confirmation by saying Yes, the USB burning process will start.
Step 3: Create a bootable macOS USB installer
You need to use a USB stick with at least 16 GB of free storage space. Connect it to your Mac and start creating a bootable USB installer. First of all, you need to back up everything on your drive. Then follow the steps below to format the memory:
- On your mac Disk Utilityopen
- Internal drives Select your driver from the list and DeleteClick on,
- Drive format Mac OS Extended set to,
- Confirm that you want to delete the drive.
In the next step, open Terminal and enter the following command:
sudo /Applications/Install macOS Big Sur.app/Contents/Resources/createinstallmedia --volume /Volumes/Untitled
Untitled section represents the USB drive you plug into your Mac. If you have named your USB stick differently,
Untitled Be sure to change the part.
Enter and Y Press the keys. You may need to type your admin password to confirm your action. When the process is completed DoneClick and close Terminal.
So much! You have created a bootable USB installer based on the Big Sur installer you downloaded earlier.
Step 4: Delete your startup drive
It’s time to say goodbye to your old macOS. Before wiping your startup drive, be sure to back up your data. Because everything on your startup disk will be deleted.
If you’re ready, delete your startup drive. Here are the steps you should follow to delete your startup drive:
- Turn off your Mac and Recovery Modeto enter Command + R hold down the keys,
- Disk UtilityAccess and your main startup drive choose,
- On the menu DeleteClick and confirm your action.
Step 5: Perform a clean install of Big Sur
You can now install Big Sur cleanly on your Mac. To do this, follow the steps below:
- Restart your computer while Option hold down the key,
- Disk UtilityGo back to the start screen of,
- Choose to install macOS from the connected USB drive,
- To confirm your action Install macOSClick and follow the steps.
Congratulations, you have now installed Big Sur on your Mac.
How to reinstall macOS?
If you are having trouble because the setup is not working, you can try reinstalling Big Sur. All you have to do is restart your Mac and Recovery Modein (Command + R) to boot, then Reinstall macOSClicking.
How to make a normal macOS upgrade?
If you don’t want to install Big Sur as a clean install, you can simply place the new update over your existing drive and keep all your settings. Your Mac’s macOS In OS X Mavericks or later If it works, you can update directly to Big Sur. Before Apple’s upgrade Suggests approximately 35.5GB of available storage and 4GB of memory on your macOS Remember.
To perform a regular macOS upgrade, follow the steps below:
- In your menu bar. Apple icon> About This MacClick on,
- General Information section, Software updateClick on,
- To download the installer Update NowClick on,
- Follow the setup instructions on your screen.
In this article, we have covered two different ways to install macOS 11 Big Sur and tried to explain why a clean installation is beneficial. For problems related to macOS and Mac devices, you can get help from Technopat Social and open a topic related to your problems.
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